Archive | Public Revenue

Tax: Characteristics, Objectives and Canons

After reading this article you will learn about:- 1. Definition and Characteristics of Tax 2. Objectives of Taxation 3. Principles. Definition of Tax: In every country major part of the revenue is raised through taxation. According to Prof. Taylor “Taxes are compulsory payments to gov­ernments without expectations of direct return or benefit to the tax […]

Public Revenue: Meaning and Classification

After reading this article you will learn about the meaning and classification of public revenue. Meaning of Public Revenue: According to Dalton income of a public authority may be defined either in a broad or in a narrow sense. In the broad sense it includes all ‘incomings’ or ‘receipts’. In the narrow sense it includes […]

Measuring the Ability to Pay: Subjective and Objective Approach

After reading this article you will learn about the subjective and objective approach used for measuring the ability to pay. Subjective Approach to Measure the Ability to Pay: The ability to pay principle is interpreted in terms of sacrifice on the part of the taxpayers. Payment of tax involves some sacrifice on the part of […]

Shifting Process of Various Taxes

After reading this article you will learn about the shifting process of various taxes. 1. Taxes on Income: The individual income tax apples to earnings originating in all sec­tors of the economy. Taxes on income are of two types. Firstly taxes on the net income of individuals and secondly taxes on net income of business […]

Incidence of Tax in the Real Life (With Diagram)

After reading this article you will learn about the incidence of tax in the real life. The main principles of the theory of incidence are condensed by Dalton to form a general preposition of the theory of incidence of taxation. In the real market situations, most commodities have de­mand and supply curves which are less […]

Classification of Taxes: 4 Types

This article throws light upon the four main types of taxes charged on taxpayers. the types are: 1. Direct and Indirect Taxes 2. Proportional, Progressive, Regressive and Degressive Taxes 3. Specific and Ad-Valorum Duties 4. Value Added Tax (VAT). Type # 1. Direct and Indirect Taxes: On the basis of assessment, rather than on the […]

shopify traffic stats