Archive | Overheads

Notes on Defectives | Materials

The below mentioned article provides a note on defectives. Defectives represent the part of production that does not meet dimensional or quality specifica­tions of a product but which can be reworked by additional application of material, labour and/ or processing and made it into saleable condition either on first or seconds depending upon the characteristic […]

Notes on Spoilage | Materials

The below mentioned article provides a note on accounting and control of spoilage. Meaning of Spoilage: Spoilage is the production that fails to meet quality or dimensional requirements and these are so damaged in manufacturing operations that they are not capable of rectification economically and hence taken out of the process and disposed off without […]

Production Overhead | Accounting

The below mentioned article provides a note on production overhead. The production cost is inclusive of all direct material, direct labour, direct expenses and manufacturing expenses. The manufacturing expenses is inclusive of all indirect materials, indirect labour and indirect expenses concerned with manufacturing activity which starts with supply of materials and ends with primary packing […]

Single and Departmental Overhead Absorption Rates | Accounting

In this article we will discuss about the single and departmental overhead absorption rates. Single Overhead Absorption Rate: It is also called as ‘blanket overhead absorption rate’. It is a common absorption rate used throughout a factory and for all jobs and units of output irrespective of the departments in which they were produced or […]

Re-Apportionment of Service Centre Costs | Overheads Accounting

In this article we will discuss about the re-apportionment of service centre costs. Also learn about the methods generally used in allocation of service department costs. Service departments may exist to provide services of various kinds to other departments. For example, personnel, maintenance, boiler house, pump house, power generation departments are service departments which provide […]

Absorption of Overheads: Meaning and Methods | Accounting

In this article we will discuss about the meaning and methods of overhead absorption. Meaning of Overhead Absorption: CIMA defines Absorption of Overheads as “the process of absorb, overhead costs allocated or apportioned over a particular cost centre or production department by the units produced”. Absorption of overheads refers to charging of overheads to individual […]

Selling and Distribution Overheads | Cost Accounting

In this article we will discuss about selling and distribution overheads. Selling Overhead: The selling cost refers to the cost of selling function i.e. the cost of activities relating to create and stimulate demand for company’s products and to secure orders. The selling costs include the following: (a) Salaries, commissions and travelling expenses to sales […]

Administration Overhead | Overheads Accounting

The below mentioned article provides a note on administration overhead. According to ICMA Terminology, Administrative overhead is defined as “the sum of those costs of general management and of secretarial accounting and administrative services, which cannot be directly related to the production, marketing, research or development functions of the enterprise.” The administration cost is incurred […]

Arguments For and Against Inclusion of Capital | Accounting

In this article we will discuss about the arguments for and against inclusion of capital. Arguments in Favour of Inclusion: (a) When wages is the reward of labour, interest is the reward of capital. (b) Interest should either be ignored entirely or else included in respect of all capital employed whether such capital requires the […]

Treatment of Special Items of Overheads in Cost Accounts

In this article we will discuss about the treatment of special items of overheads in cost accounts. Material Handling Expenses: These expenses are incurred while unloading the raw materials received from supplier, storing the raw materials, handling the raw materials to work place, handling of work-in-progress, storage of finished goods etc. It also includes costs […]

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