Tag Archives | Accounting

Private and Public Company: Difference | India | Accounting

The upcoming discussion will update you about the differences between private and public company. Difference # Private Company: 1. The minimum number of members required to form a company is two. 2. The maximum number of members must not exceed fifty. 3. It must have two directors. 4. Shares are not freely transferable. 5. It […]

Difference between Company and a Partnership Firm | India | Accounting

The upcoming discussion will update about the difference between company and a partnership firm. Difference # Company: 1. A Company is regulated by the Companies Act, 1956. 2. A Company must be registered. 3. A Company has a separate legal existence distinct from its shareholders. 4. The minimum number of persons required to form a […]

Types of Shares: Preference and Equity | Accounting

The shares which can be issued by a company, are of two types:- 1. Preference Shares 2. Equity Shares. Type # 1. Preference Shares: The Preference Shares are those which have some preferential rights over the other types of shares. A share to be preference share, must have two preferential rights: [Sec. 85(1)] (a) They […]

Stock and Shares of a Company | Capital | Accounting

In this article we will discuss about stock and shares of a company. Also learn about the difference between them. Stock: When all the shares of a company have been fully paid up, they may be converted into stock if so authorised by the Articles, as per Sec. 94(1) (c). It is another kind of […]

Accounting Entries for Issue of Shares at Premium | India | Company

In this article we will discuss about the accounting entries for the issue of shares at premium, explained with the help of an illustration.  A company likely to be very successful and enjoying a good reputation, asks intending shareholders to pay, on each share, a sum higher than the face value. In other words, when […]

Accounting Entries for Calls-In-Arrears and Calls-In Advance | Shares

In this article we will discuss about the accounting entries for call-in-arrears and calls-in-advance, explained with the help of an illustration. Calls-In-Arrears: If any amount, called in respect of a share, is not paid before or on the date fixed for payment thereof, such amount which is not paid, is called “CALLS-IN-ARREARS”. Amount may be […]

Accounting Treatment for Rights Issue of Shares | India | Company

In this article we will discuss about the accounting treatment for rights issue of shares, explained with the help of suitable illustrations. Sec. 81 of the Companies Act, 1956 provides that where a Public Company decides to increase its subscribed capital by issue of additional shares, at any time after the expiry of two years […]

Difference between Shares and Debentures | Company | Accounting

The upcoming discussion will update you about the difference between shares and debentures. Difference # Shares: 1. Shares denote the owned capital of a Company. 2. A shareholder is a part proprietor of a Company. 3. A shareholder gets dividend, which shall be payable out of undistributed profits. 4. A shareholder cannot receive any divid­end […]

Accounting Treatment for Reissue of Forfeited Shares | Accounting

In this article we will discuss about the accounting treatment for reissue of forfeited shares, explained with the help of suitable illustrations. Forfeited shares may either be cancelled or reissued. Such shares once forfeited can be reissued to any person within reasonable time and at reasonable price. They can be reissued at par, at premium […]

Accounting Entries for Issue of Debentures | Capital | Accounting

In this article we will discuss about the accounting entries for issue of debentures. (A) Issue of Debenture for Cash: The issue procedure with regard to debentures is the same as that of shares. The amount due on debentures may be paid in installments, such as, Application, Allotment and Calls. When debentures are issued at […]

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