Tag Archives | Company

Types of Shares: Preference and Equity | Accounting

The shares which can be issued by a company, are of two types:- 1. Preference Shares 2. Equity Shares. Type # 1. Preference Shares: The Preference Shares are those which have some preferential rights over the other types of shares. A share to be preference share, must have two preferential rights: [Sec. 85(1)] (a) They […]

Stock and Shares of a Company | Capital | Accounting

In this article we will discuss about stock and shares of a company. Also learn about the difference between them. Stock: When all the shares of a company have been fully paid up, they may be converted into stock if so authorised by the Articles, as per Sec. 94(1) (c). It is another kind of […]

Buy-Back of Shares: 4 Modes | India | Accounting

In this article we will discuss about the four important modes of buy-back of shares. 1. From the existing security holders on a proportionate basis through the tender offer; or 2. From the open market through: (i) Book-building process, (ii) Stock exchange; 3. From odd lots, that is to say, where the lot of securities […]

Redemption of Preference Shares | India | Company

In this article we will discuss about:- 1. Introduction to Redemption of Preference Shares 2. Companies (Amendment) Act 1988 and 1996 3. Sources 4. Proceeds of Fresh Issue. Introduction to Redemption of Preference Shares: A company cannot return its share capital to its shareholders during its life time without the permission of the Court (Sec. […]

Buy-Back of Securities: Meaning and Advantages | India | Accounting

In this article we will discuss about:- 1. Introduction to Buy-Back of Securities 2. Meaning of Buy-Back of Securities 3. Sources 4. Advantages. Introduction to Buy-Back of Securities: By virtue of section 77(1) of the Companies Act, 1956, a company limited by shares could not buy its own shares as the same would amount to […]

Important Conditions for Buy-Back of Shares | India | Accounting

The conditions precedent to buy-back, as laid down in Section 77A (2) of the Companies Act are:- (a) The company’s article should authorise the buy-back. In case the articles are silent on this point, the same has to be amended to include a provision to that effect; (b) No company shall purchase its own shares […]

Debentures: Features and Classes | India | Accounting

In this article we will discuss about:- 1. Meaning of a Debenture 2. Features of a Debenture 3. Classes 4. Debenture and Debenture Stock. Meaning of a Debenture: Generally, companies, for their expansion and further development, may require funds. Funds flow in from the internal and external sources i.e. the owners’ and outsiders’ contribution. Internal […]

Difference between Shares and Debentures | Company | Accounting

The upcoming discussion will update you about the difference between shares and debentures. Difference # Shares: 1. Shares denote the owned capital of a Company. 2. A shareholder is a part proprietor of a Company. 3. A shareholder gets dividend, which shall be payable out of undistributed profits. 4. A shareholder cannot receive any divid­end […]

Remuneration Payable to Managerial Personnel | Accounting

Remuneration payable to different categories of managerial personnel is as follows:- 1. Manager 2. Managing Director 3. Whole-Time Director 4. Director. 1. Manager: Manager means a person who has got the control of the whole or substantially the whole of the affairs of a company. There can be only one manager in a company and […]

Balance Sheet Format | Accounting

In this article we will discuss about horizontal and vertical forms of balance sheet. Horizontal Form of Balance Sheet: According to Section 210 of the Companies Act a Company is required to prepare a Balance Sheet at the end of each trading period. Section 211 requires the Balance Sheet to be set up in the […]

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