Tag Archives | Fundamentals

Postulates in Accounting

The following points highlight the four important postulates in accounting. The postulates are: 1. Entity Postulates 2. Going Concern Postulate 3. Money Measurement Postulate 4. Time Period Postulate. Postulate # 1. Entity Postulates: The entity postulate assumes that the financial statements and other accounting information are for the specific business enterprise which is distinct from […]

Selection of Accounting Principles: 4 Considerations

The following points highlight the four main considerations which guide the selection of accounting principles. The considerations are: 1. Accurate Presentation 2. Conservatism 3. Profit Maximization 4. Income Smoothing. Consideration # 1. Accurate Presentation: One of the criteria for assessing the usefulness of accounting information is accuracy in presentation of the underlying events and transactions. […]

Users of Accounting Information

The following points highlight the three important users of accounting information. The users are: 1. Management 2. Users with Direct Financial Interest 3. Users with Indirect Financial Interest. User # 1. Management: Management is a group of people who are responsible for using the resources and managing the affairs of an entity to achieve the […]

Descriptive and Prescriptive Accounting Concepts

In this article we will discuss about descriptive and prescriptive accounting concepts. Larsen and Miller have expressed the opinion that sets of accounting concepts differ in how they are developed and used. In general, when concepts are intended to describe current practice, they are developed by looking at accepted specific practices, and then making some […]

Accounting Theory: Role, Levels and Methodology

In this article we will discuss about Accounting Theory:- 1. Definition of Accounting Theory 2. Role of Accounting Theory 3. Classification 4. Research Methodology 5. Approaches 6. Methodology 7. Other Approaches. Definition of Accounting Theory: The term ‘accounting theory’ has been defined by many. Hendriksen defines accounting theory as: Logical reasoning in the form of […]

Accounting Principles: 8 Important Principles of Accounting

The following points highlight the eight important principles of accounting. The principles are: 1. Cost Principle 2. Dual-Aspect Principle 3. Accrual Principle 4. Conservatism Principle 5. Matching Principle 6. Consistency Principle 7. Materiality Principle 8. Full-Disclosure Principle. Accounting Principle # 1. Cost Principle: The cost principle requires that assets be recorded at their exchange price, […]

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