Tag Archives | Public Revenue

Incidence of Tax in the Real Life (With Diagram)

After reading this article you will learn about the incidence of tax in the real life. The main principles of the theory of incidence are condensed by Dalton to form a general preposition of the theory of incidence of taxation. In the real market situations, most commodities have de­mand and supply curves which are less […]

Classification of Taxes: 4 Types

This article throws light upon the four main types of taxes charged on taxpayers. the types are: 1. Direct and Indirect Taxes 2. Proportional, Progressive, Regressive and Degressive Taxes 3. Specific and Ad-Valorum Duties 4. Value Added Tax (VAT). Type # 1. Direct and Indirect Taxes: On the basis of assessment, rather than on the […]

Top 4 Theories of Tax Shifting

This article throws light upon the top four theories of tax shifting. The theories are: 1. Concentration Theory 2. The Diffusion Theory 3. Demand and Supply Theory of Incidence 4. Musgrave’s Approach. Tax Shifting # 1. Concentration Theory: This theory was advocated by the physiocratic school of thought in France during the middle of the […]

Favour and Against Proportional Taxation

After reading this article you will learn about the arguments in favour and against proportional taxation. Arguments in Favour of Proportional Taxation: Proportional taxation has been advocated by the classical econo­mists as a protest against the injustice of the old system of exemp­tions and privileges. Adam Smith, stating that taxation should be adjusted to the […]

Merits and Demerits of Progressive Taxation

After reading this article you will learn about the merits and demerits of progressive taxation. Merits of Progressive Taxation: Progressive taxation has been universally accepted as the best sys­tem of taxation. It is based on the application of principle of diminish­ing marginal utility of income and ability to pay. As income increases, marginal utility of […]

Incidence and Shifting of Tax: 12 Factors

This article throws light upon the twelve main factors determining the incidence and shifting of tax. The factors are: 1. Elasticity of Demand 2. Elasticity of Supply 3. Price acts an Engine of Shifting 4. Tax Area 5. Time Period 6. Coverage of Tax 7. Availability of Substitutes 8. Nature of Demand for Commodities 9. […]

Tax: Characteristics, Objectives and Canons

After reading this article you will learn about:- 1. Definition and Characteristics of Tax 2. Objectives of Taxation 3. Principles. Definition of Tax: In every country major part of the revenue is raised through taxation. According to Prof. Taylor “Taxes are compulsory payments to gov­ernments without expectations of direct return or benefit to the tax […]

Public Revenue: Meaning and Classification

After reading this article you will learn about the meaning and classification of public revenue. Meaning of Public Revenue: According to Dalton income of a public authority may be defined either in a broad or in a narrow sense. In the broad sense it includes all ‘incomings’ or ‘receipts’. In the narrow sense it includes […]

3 Major Economic Effects of Taxation | Public Revenue

Dalton discusses the economic effect of taxation under the following three heads: 1. Effect of Taxation on Production, 2. Effect of Taxation on Distribution 3. Other Effects. 1. Effect of Taxation on Production: According to Dalton effect of taxation on production can be in the following three ways: (a) Effect on ability to work, save […]

Sound Tax System: Characteristics and Views

After reading this article you will learn about the characteristics and views about the sound tax system. Characteristics of a Good Tax System: Any system of taxation must be looked at as a whole. That is part of the economic system. Different taxes possess different effects upon the various economic activities. Moreover, these taxes through […]

shopify traffic stats