Archive | Capital Structure

Calculation of Point of Indifference | Capital Structure

After reading this article you will learn about Calculation of Point of Indifference. The EPS, earnings per share, ‘equivalency point’ or ‘point of indifference’ refers to that EBIT, earnings before interest and tax, level at which EPS remains the same irrespective of different alternatives of debt-equity mix At this level of EBIT, the rate of […]

Risks Involved in Capital Structure Decisions

This article throws light upon the two main types of risks involved in capital structure decision of a firm. The types are: 1. Financial Risk 2. Non-Employment of Debt Capital (NEDC) Risk Capital Structure Decision: Type # 1. Financial Risk: The financial risk arises on account of the use of debt or fixed interest bearing […]

Reasons Necessitating Change in Capitalisation

This article throws light upon the ten main reasons necessitating change in capitalisation. The reasons are: 1. To Restore Balance in the Financial Plan 2. To Simplify the Capital Structure 3. To Suit Investor’s Needs 4. To fund Current Liabilities 5. To Write off the Deficit 6. To Capitalize Retained Earnings 7. To Clear Default […]

Top 17 Factors Determining the Capital Structure

This article throws light upon the top seventeen factors determining the capital structure. The factors are: 1. Financial Leverage 2. Growth and Stability of Sales 3. Cost of Capital 4. Risk 5. Cash Flow Ability to Service Debt 6. Nature and Size of a Firm 7. Control 8. Flexibility 9. Requirements of Investors 10. Capital […]

Capital Gearing: Meaning and Significance

After reading this article you will learn about Capital Gearing:- 1. Meaning of Capital Gearing 2. Significance of Capital Gearing 3. Trade Cycles. Meaning of Capital Gearing: The term ‘capital gearing’ refers to the relationship between equity capital (equity shares plus reserves) and long-term debt. It may be planned or historical, the latter describing a […]

Top 4 Theories of Capital Structure

This article throws light upon the top four theories of capital structure. The theories are: 1. Net Income Approach 2. Net Operating Income Approach 3. Traditional Approach 4. Modigliani and Miller Approach. Theory # 1. Net Income Approach:  According to this approach, a firm can minimise the weighted average cost of capital and increase the […]

Capitalisation, Capital Structure and Financial Structure

The terms, capitalization, capital structure and financial structure, do not mean the same. While capitalisation is a quantitative aspect of the financial planning of an enterprise, capital structure is concerned with the qualitative aspect. Capitalisation refers to the total amount of securities issued by a company while capital structure refers to the kinds of securities […]

Capital Structure: Forms, Importance and Planning

After reading this article you will learn about Capital Structure:- 1. Forms of Capital Structure 2. Importance of Capital Structure 3. Planning. Forms of Capital Structure: The capital structure of a new company may consist of any of the following forms: (a) Equity Shares only (b) Equity and Preferences Shares (c) Equity Shares and Debentures […]

Calculation of Point of Indifference and Uncommitted Earnings

After reading this article you will learn about the Calculation of Point of Indifference and Uncommitted Earnings per Share. Point of indifference refers to that EBIT level at which earnings per share (EPS) remains the same irrespective of different alternatives of debt-equity mix. While calculating the equivalency point, the provision for repayment of debt or […]

Capital Structure: Definition, Assumptions and Classification

After reading this article you will learn about Capital Structure:- 1. Introduction to Capital Structure 2. Definitions of Capital Structure 3. Assumptions 4. Classification. Introduction to Capital Structure: Capital structure refers to the permanent financing of the company, represented by owned capital and loan/debt capital (i.e.. Preferred Stock, Equity Stock, Reserves and Long- term Debts). […]

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