Tag Archives | Financial Planning

Risk and Return in Financial Planning | Company

In this article we will discuss about the risk and return faced while financial planning of a company. Costing and Risk: The word ‘costing’ relates to the ascertainment of cost of capital from different sources like equity capital, preference capital, debentures, long-term loans etc. The most crucial decision of any company is involved in the […]

Financial Planning: Need, Steps and Limitations

After reading this article you will learn about Financial Planning:- 1. Need of Financial Planning 2. Steps in Financial Planning 3. Limitations. Need of Financial Planning: According to Cohen and Robbins, financial planning should: 1. Determine the financial resources required to meet the company’s operating programme; 2. Forecast the extent to which these requirements will […]

Finance and It’s Classification

This article throws light upon the top two categories for the classification of finance required for a business. The categories are: 1. Fixed Capital 2. Working Capital. Classification of Finance: Category # 1. Fixed Capital: Meaning and Definition of Fixed Capital: The term ‘fixed capital’ stands for that amount of capital which is required for […]

Over-Capitalisation: Meaning, Effects and Remedies

After reading this article you will learn about Over-Capitalisation:- 1. Meaning of Over-Capitalisation 2. Causes of Over-Capitalisation 3. Effects 4. Remedies. Meaning of Over-Capitalisation: Over-capitalisation refers to that state of affairs where earnings of a company do not justify the amount of capital invested in its business. According to Gerstenberg, “A company is over-capitalised when […]

Over-Trading: Meaning, Consequences and Remedies

After reading this article you will learn about Over-Trading:- 1. Meaning of Over-Trading 2. Causes of Over-Trading 3. Signs 4. Consequences 5. Remedies. Contents: Meaning of Over-Trading Causes of Over-Trading Signs of Over-Trading Consequences of Over-Trading Remedies for Over-Trading 1. Meaning of Over-Trading: In simple words, over-trading means, “a situation where a company does more […]

Under-Capitalisation: Causes, Effects and Remedies

After reading this article you will learn about the Under-Capitalisation:- 1. Meaning of Under-Capitalisation 2. Causes of Under-Capitalisation 3. Effects 4. Remedies. Meaning of Under-Capitalisation: In the words of Gersrtenberg, “A company may be under-capitalised when the rate of profits it is making on the total capital is exceptionally high in relation to the return […]

Capitalisation: Meaning, Need and Theories

After reading this article you will learn about Capitalisation:- 1. Meaning of Capitalisation 2. Modern Concept of Capitalisation 3. Need 4. Theories 5. Fair. Contents: Meaning of Capitalisation Modern Concept of Capitalisation Need of Capitalisation Theories of Capitalisation Fair Capitalisation 1. Meaning of Capitalisation: Capitalisation is one of the most important constituents of financial plan. […]

Comparison between Book Value and Real Value

The over and under capitalisation situations of a company can also be ascertained by comparing the book value and real value of equity shares of the company. The book value of equity shares is calculated on the basis of net assets available for equity shareholders. It can be computed by dividing the net assets available […]

Over-Capitalisation and Under-Capitalisation (Differences)

This article will help you to differentiate between Over-Capitalisation and Under-Capitalisation. 1. Over-capitalisation involves a great-strain on the financial resources of a company whereas under-capitalisation implies high rate of earnings on its shares. 2. The remedial procedure of over-capitalisation is more difficult and expensive as compared to the remedial procedure of under-capitalisation. 3. Under-capitalisation accelerates […]

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